The game of Roulette

Roulette, one of the most popular casino games, is derived from a French word “rouelle” meaning “little wheel.” In fact, the French came up with the first form of roulette in the 18th century by combining numerous gambling games including Roly-Poly, Reiner, Ace of Hearts, E.O., and Roulette (an already existing French board game). People started playing the present version of roulette in Paris since 1796.

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An interesting fact about roulette is that the wheels used in the casinos, located in Paris in 1790s, was red for the single zero and black for the double zero roulettes; this confusion was cleared in the 1800s when people adopted the colour green for the zeros. The casinos in America usually use double zero roulette wheels while the casinos in Europe and Australia use single zero roulette wheels. If you measure the probability of winning, then we would like to suggest you to play the single zero roulette wheels as the probability of the expected house edge are lower in single zero roulette wheel i.e. 2.7% compared to the probability of expected house edge for double zero roulette i.e. 5.26%.

Roulette spread all over Europe and U.S.A. in the 19th century; the game caught so much hype that it became one of the most famous and popular casino games.  You can choose to place bets on varieties of options including single number or a range of numbers, the colours red or black, or whether the number is odd or even.

Roulette Game Play

After hearing all the bets, the croupier spins the roulette wheel in one direction, and then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the girth of the wheel. Eventually, the ball loses momentum and falls onto the wheel and into one of 37 (in case of French/ European/Australian Roulette) or 38 (in case of American Roulette) coloured and numbered pockets on the roulette wheel.

Online Roulette Game Play

Similar to the land based casinos; online casinos also offer online roulette. Generally, a player will have to place bets, inside bets or outside bets, on the roulette layout and click on spin. The roulette wheel on the game screen will start spinning, along with the ball on the opposite direction; the ball will eventually stop and you will know if you have won or not.

Roulette Wheel Numbers

european-roulette-wheel-bac-155863The pockets placed on the roulette wheel are numbered from 1 to 36. The odd numbers are coloured red and even numbers are coloured black in case of range of numbers from 1 to 10 and 19 to 28 respectively. Similarly for numbers ranging from 11 to 18 and 29 to 36, the odd numbers are black and even are red.

Roulette Rules

There are two types of betting options in roulette namely, inside betting and outside betting. Inside betting is selecting the precise number of the pocket the ball will land or selecting a small range of pockets based on their proximity on the layout. Outside betting, on the other hand, is for gamblers who prefer selecting larger positional groupings of pockets; for instance, the pocket colour or whether the winning number is odd or even.

  •  The payout odds for each type of betting are based on the probability.
  • A player will be allocated a range of specific minimum and maximum amounts of bets he or she can place. This rule varies for all of a player’s inside and outside bets for each spin.
  • A player can continue to place his or her bet as long as the ball spins around the roulette wheel.
  • After the ball stops spinning on the roulette wheel, the dealer will place a dolly (marker) on that winning number on the roulette table layout (a cloth covered betting area on a roulette table). When the dolly is on the table, no player is allowed to place bets, collect bets or remove any bets from the table. The dealer will collect the chips from the losers and determine all of the payouts. After the dealer is finished making payouts, the marker is removed from board where players can now collect their winnings and make new bets.
  • The winning chips remain on the board.

Types of Bets:

Inside Bets

  • Straight or single: this is a single number bet; the chip is placed on the middle of a number square on the layout.
  • Split: a bet placed on two adjoining numbers, either on the vertical (14-17) or horizontal (8-9). The chip is placed on the line between these numbers on the layout.
  • Street: a bet placed on three numbers on a single horizontal line. The chip is placed on the edge of the line of a number at the end of the line i.e. either the left or the right depending on the layout).
  • Corner or square: a bet placed on four numbers in a square layout (i.e. 11-12-14-15). The chip is placed at the horizontal and vertical intersection of the lines between the four numbers.
  • Six line or double-street: a bet placed on two adjoining streets. The chips are placed on the corresponding intersection, as if two street bets would be placed.
  • Trio: a bet placed on the intersecting point between 0, 1 and 2, or 0, 2 and 3. This bet can be applied only for single zero roulette.
  • Basket or the first four: a bet on 0, 1, 2 and 3. This rule applies only for single-zero layouts.
  • Basket: a bet placed on 0, 1, and 2; 0, 00, and 2; or 00, 2, and 3; this bet is placed only for double-zero layouts. The chip is placed at the intersection of the three desired numbers.
  • Top line: a bet placed on 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3 (double-zero layout only). The chip is placed either at the corner of 0 and 1, or the corner of 00 and 3.

Outside Bets

  • 1 to 18 (Manque): a bet placed on one of the first low eighteen numbers coming up.
  • 19 to 36 (Passe): a bet placed on one of the latter high eighteen numbers coming up.
  • Red or black (Rouge ou Noir): a bet placed on a colour the roulette wheel will show.
  • Even or odd (Pair ou Impair): a bet placed on an even or odd non-zero number.
  • Dozen bets: a bet placed on the first (1-12, Premiere douzaine (P12)), SECOND (13-24, Moyenne douzaine (M12)), or third group (25-36, Derniere douzaine (D12)) of twelve numbers.
  • Column bets: a bet placed on all 12 numbers on any of the three vertical lines (such as 1-4-7-10 on down to 34). The chip is placed on the space below the final number in this string.
  • Snake Bet: placing the bet by forming an “S” snake shape on the roulette layout.


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